Volume 6, number 1, Spring 2021
Editorial board pp. 1-2 | Full text (PDF)
Contents pp. 3-4 | Full text (PDF)
THE ROLE OF LANDFORMS IN THE LOCATION OF ROMAN FORTIFICATIONS IN NORTHERN TRANSYLVANIA (TIHĂU-CĂȘEIU AREA) AND THE PRODUCTION OF PLACE AND REGIONAL IDENTITY
Alexandra-Maria COLCER , Ioan-Aurel IRIMUȘ
pp. 5-20 | Full text (PDF) | DOI: 10.23740/TID120211
By combining the technical and empirical research methods, this article aims at establishing the role of the landforms in the location of Roman settlements and fortifications in Northern Transylvania, Romania, focusing on the Dacia Porolissensis (province of the Roman Empire) border and how (and if) these elements are still present in the local identity. Cartographic methods helped us to achieve the technical part. We used the ArcMap 10.6 software. The result obtained through digital modelling is the morphometric identification of the territorial discontinuities. Considering the qualitative aspects, the used methods were the traditional ones: analysis, synthesis, induction, and deduction. These methods enabled us to better understand how these settlements influenced the regional identity. The results of the study are emphasizing the strategical importance of the landforms in establishing the Roman castrum, and it demonstrates how (or if) the associated settlements remained present in the locals’ mentality and influenced the regional identity.
POLITICAL BOUNDARIES AND TERRITORIAL IDENTITY IN EARLY MODERN CENTRAL EUROPE: THE WESTERN FRONTIER OF TRANSYLVANIA DURING THE SIXTEENTH CENTURY
Florin Nicolae ARDELEAN
pp. 21-38 | Full text (PDF) | DOI: 10.23740/TID120212
The last decades have witnessed an increased interest in the research of territorial delimitations in late medieval and early modern Europe. A significant part of the academic debate has been focused on identifying and defining the process of transition from medieval frontiers, perceived as vague areas of contact, to modern linear borders. The aim of this article is to analyse the organisation of the western confines of the Transylvanian Principality during the decades in which this state was formed, from the Ottoman conquest of Buda (1541) until the ratification of the Speyer Peace Treaty (1571). Throughout this period, the territorial delimitation of Transylvania from the Ottoman Empire and Habsburg Hungary was an ongoing process, marked by both military confrontations and diplomatic negotiations. Through a critical reassessment of the most relevant Romanian and Hungarian literature on this complex subject and the analysis of new data from official and narrative contemporary sources, I have tried to identify which were the most important political and military events that shaped the western borderlands of Transylvania. A fundamental objective of my research is to provide an accurate definition for the western region of the Transylvanian Principality, contributing thus to the general debate on the nature of frontiers/borders in sixteenth century Europe.
LOCAL IDENTITY TRANSFORMATIONS REFLECTED THROUGH THE DEVELOPMENT OF MERCHEAȘA / MIRKVÁSÁR / STREITFORT, TRANSYLVANIA, ROMANIA
pp. 39-64 | Full text (PDF) | DOI: 10.23740/TID120213
In the last three decades the Transylvanian villages faced a slow, but constant decline in many aspects. One of the many villages in this situation is Mercheașa (known as Mirkvásár in Hungarian, or Streitfort in German), part of Homorod (Hamruden) Commune, Brașov County, Transylvania. The aging and numerically reduced population of the village, occupied exclusively in agriculture, in parallel with an inefficient local administration, induced the impoverishment of a once flourishing and prosperous village. This long decay is now clearly reflected by the degradation of the buildings, abandoned historical built heritage, desolate landscape, lack of consensus or a minimum order that would reflect any kind of management. Based on an extensive field research and cooperation with a local non-governmental organisation dedicated to sustainability, culture and education, this paper shows how the actions initiated from outside the community have managed to change the mentality of the inhabitants, who are now more open to culture, improvements and even variety. Following a mixed, interdisciplinary methodology, involving both local history and social investigation methods, approached from a geographical perspective, this article answers several questions, including the most important: How did the locals react to these projects? and Does sustainable development depend primarily on community involvement and consensus? The results show an assessment of the current situation, an analysis of the elements that can become a local brand, and the initiated projects by the organisation, the results, and their impact on the villagers’ attitudes towards development. This paper also includes an extensive evaluation of the local landmark, the fortified church, including a bird’s eye (perspective) drawing of the site.
PARTICIPATORY PRACTICES AND LOCAL DEVELOPMENT IN CLUJ-NAPOCA, ROMANIA. CASE STUDY: THE INITIATIVE LA TERENURI [AT THE PLAYGROUNDS] – COMMON SPACE IN MĂNĂȘTUR NEIGHBOURHOOD
Kinga Xénia HAVADI-NAGY , Oana-Ramona ILOVAN, Andrei BRISC, Silviu MEDEȘAN
pp. 65-80 | Full text (PDF) | DOI: 10.23740/TID120214
Marginalisation is present all over the world in different forms. “La Terenuri” [At the Playgrounds] initiative in Cluj-Napoca, Romania, can be considered a good practice example of how urban marginalisation can be diminished through grassroots initiatives. In the heart of a green plateau, where urban planning was not performed, Colectiv A Association, an NGO, started to reshape the area, involving local communities and groups. The research material includes interviews, articles from newspapers, posts on social media and documents created by the Municipality of Cluj-Napoca. Results showed that Colectiv A Association had co-created diverse activities and events to involve the inhabitants of Mănăștur neighbourhood into the regeneration of the public space: workshops, gardening activities, debates, cleaning actions, festivals, Mănăștur’s Days, petitions, etc. The lessons learnt and the experiences of “La Terenuri” argue for more adaptive urban planning, which identifies solutions to residents’ needs, aspirations, and desires.
COMMEMORATIVE MONUMENTS DEDICATED TO POLITICAL PERSONALITIES IN BUCHAREST, ROMANIA. AN INTERPRETIVE APPROACH BASED ON POSTCARDS
pp. 81-118 | Full text (PDF) | DOI: 10.23740/TID120215
Monuments in the public forum dedicated to political leaders are an important tool in promoting national identity. Frequently, the political message embedded in public monuments is intended to contribute to propagating and strengthening a sense of national identity by shaping the community’s commemorative experience. In addition to the commemorative function related to social memory, public monuments also have an associated ideological function, as the monuments become essential in visually epresenting the national politics of memory and identity. The ideological function also represents an expression of power by emphasising a series of prominent political leaders. This article analyses the imagology and symbolism of public monuments in the central area of Bucharest as elements that support the construction of national identity. Commemorative monuments dedicated to symbolic national political personalities from the period of the United Principalities and Royalty were analysed in terms of their role in remembering and forming the national identity. The evolution of these monuments and their significance were also analysed based on postcards, which were marked by a series of changes in how power was expressed and the formation of national identity in the communist and contemporary periods.
GLOBALIZATION, MARGINALIZATION AND CONFLICT. A REVIEW
Globalization, Marginalization and Conflict. Political, Economic and Social Processes/ Borna FUERST-BJELIŠ & Walter LEIMGRUBER (Editors)
Reviewed by Alina BRANDA
pp. 119-123 | Full text (PDF) | DOI: 10.23740/TID120216
INVENTING BERLIN. CULTURAL LANDSCAPES AND NATION-BUILDING
Inventing Berlin. Architecture, Politics and Cultural Memory in the New/Old German Capital Post-1989/ Mary DELLENBAUGH-LOSSE
Reviewed by Oana-Ramona ILOVAN
pp. 125-127 | Full text (PDF) | DOI: 10.23740/TID120217