Online-first papers have been peer-reviewed and accepted for publication in this journal and posted online before final publication in a volume. The articles have been copy edited and author corrections have been incorporated before they are posted online. Typesetting and proofreading will commence with electronic publication, and the volume, issue and page numbers will then be assigned to the final version of the article. Online-first articles should be cited with the DOI link.
ANTHROPOLOGICAL PERSPECTIVES ON ROMANIAN SOCIALISM. A CASE STUDY
pp. 5-20 | Full text (PDF) | DOI: 10.23740/TID120201
This paper aims to analyze mainly how and why Western anthropologists conducted fieldwork in Eastern Europe during the Cold War. What motivated their particular research interest in this part of Europe, how they understood these societies and socialist systems, what specific factors made possible and facilitated the fieldwork they had conducted in difficult times. These are the main research questions addressed in this paper. Specifically, I refer to their work carried out in the 1970s-1980s in Romania. In particular, I aim at analyzing the works of three reputable US specialists in the field, who manifested a research interest, and conducted fieldwork especially (but not exclusively) in different rural settlements of this country. The paper attempts to identify the ways in which the Romanian socialism is understood in its peculiarities by these notable anthropologists, analyzing their studies as results of intensive fieldwork.
Their works, published initially in English, in the USA, were translated into Romanian in the post 1989 decades, being received with high interest by “local specialists,” as well as by the broader public. They are present in representative anthologies on socialism and postsocialism, as valuable contribution to the understanding of these periods. Despite all these, comprehensive analysis of their contributions is still lacking, as well as the comparative frames meant to facilitate the identification of both specificities and recurrences in their works, in the ways they viewed the impact of socialisms on various, studied communities. It is a necessary and useful task to revisit their works (as well as the works of other anthropologists who conducted fieldwork in Romania and broader, in Eastern Europe) to understand in depth their views, their meanings and relevance in that particular context and afterwards, as well as their contribution to the Anthropology of Socialism and Postsocialism. Through this, other fields and topics are opening to the analysis, such as the contribution and particular roles of the Anthropology of Socialism and Postsocialism in structuring the Anthropology of Europe, as it is configured nowadays.
FOOD IN TOURISM. RELEVANT RESEARCH ANGLES AND TOPICS
Kinga Xenia HAVADI-NAGY
pp. 21-36 | Full text (PDF) | DOI: 10.23740/TID120202
In the last decades, local food grabbed the attention of policymakers, advisors, entrepreneurs, and researchers worldwide. Food turned into an emerging topic in relation with tourism and leisure activities, due to its versatility: it offers means for local and regional development, it has potential to strengthen identity and enable the preservation of cultural heritage, traditional skills and products, it is a strong educational and knowledge transmission tool, and it is suitable for destination development.
Performing a content analysis of a selected international and Romania related literature, this paper sums up the main topics and angles of research conducted globally on the complex topic of food tourism, but also points out some of the subjects addressed in the Romanian context. The aim of the study is to shed light on the foci of current research regarding food tourism and to see to which extent is the Romanian research in this field up to date. The list and the depicted topics are not necessarily exhaustive, yet they surely integrate the most relevant research themes and actual available results. As main conclusion, we can assert that the rich and manifold surveys reflect the high interest in food tourism, and that this subject is an emergent topic in the Romanian research community.
ROMANIAN TERRITORIAL CLAIMS DURING WORLD WAR I UNDER THE GAZE OF THE RUSSIAN PRESS
pp. 7-26 | Full text (PDF) | DOI: 10.23740/TID220201
The article analyses the approach of the Russian press towards the Romanian territorial claims during the World War I. It is ascertained that the territorial issue was important in Romania’s attitude towards war, as the unification of historical and ethnic Romanian territories was essential for the national affirmation of Romania as a state. In this regard, the Russian press pointed towards the territories under the rule of the Austro-Hungarian Empire as a major priority for the formation of Greater Romania. The goal was to attract Romania on its side against Austro-Hungarian and German offensive on the Eastern front. We scrutinize the Russian press’s approach towards Romanian territorial claims based on three distinct periods: 1) during Romania’s neutrality; 2) during Romania’s participation in the war as Russia’s ally; 3) After the Bolshevik revolution, when Russia withdrew unilaterally from the war. The emphasis on Romania’s territorial claims is shown mostly in the first period, with one exception – the Bessarabian issue is little or not mentioned at all. Within the second period, the Russian press almost lost sight of the Romanian territorial claims. Finally, the Bolsheviks, who proclaimed self-determination as the main approach to territorial issues, were those who denied Romania any claim for “disputable territories”, just because it opposed Bolshevization. During this latter period, the Bessarabian issue becomes the spear of Russian informational attacks against Romania, following the Union of this historical Moldavian territory with the Motherland.
TRIANON, TRIANON! A CENTURY OF REVISIONIST POLITICAL MYTHOLOGY – A REVIEW
Trianon, Trianon! Un secol de mitologie politică revizionistă [Trianon, Trianon! A Century of Revisionist Political Mythology] / Vasile PUȘCAȘ & Ionel N. SAVA (coordinators)
Reviewed by Adrian ONOFREIU
pp. – | Full text (PDF) | DOI: 10.23740/TID220206