Online First

Online-first papers have been peer-reviewed and accepted for publication in this journal and posted online before final publication in a volume. The articles have been copy edited and author corrections have been incorporated before they are posted online. Typesetting and proofreading will commence with electronic publication, and the volume, issue and page numbers will then be assigned to the final version of the article. Online-first articles should be cited with the DOI link. 


RESEARCH

ANTHROPOLOGICAL PERSPECTIVES ON ROMANIAN SOCIALISM. A CASE STUDY

Alina BRANDA

pp. 5-20   | Full text (PDF) | DOI: 10.23740/TID120201

This paper aims to analyze mainly how and why Western anthropologists conducted fieldwork in Eastern Europe during the Cold War. What motivated their particular research interest in this part of Europe, how they understood these societies and socialist systems, what specific factors made possible and facilitated the fieldwork they had conducted in difficult times. These are the main research questions addressed in this paper. Specifically, I refer to their work carried out in the 1970s-1980s in Romania. In particular, I aim at analyzing the works of three reputable US specialists in the field, who manifested a research interest, and conducted fieldwork especially (but not exclusively) in different rural settlements of this country. The paper attempts to identify the ways in which the Romanian socialism is understood in its peculiarities by these notable anthropologists, analyzing their studies as results of intensive fieldwork. Their works, published initially in English, in the USA, were translated into Romanian in the post 1989 decades, being received with high interest by “local specialists,” as well as by the broader public. They are present in representative anthologies on socialism and postsocialism, as valuable contribution to the understanding of these periods. Despite all these, comprehensive analysis of their contributions is still lacking, as well as the comparative frames meant to facilitate the identification of both specificities and recurrences in their works, in the ways they viewed the impact of socialisms on various, studied communities. It is a necessary and useful task to revisit their works (as well as the works of other anthropologists who conducted fieldwork in Romania and broader, in Eastern Europe) to understand in depth their views, their meanings and relevance in that particular context and afterwards, as well as their contribution to the Anthropology of Socialism and Postsocialism. Through this, other fields and topics are opening to the analysis, such as the contribution and particular roles of the Anthropology of Socialism and Postsocialism in structuring the Anthropology of Europe, as it is configured nowadays.

FOOD IN TOURISM. RELEVANT RESEARCH ANGLES AND TOPICS

Kinga Xenia HAVADI-NAGY

pp. 21-36  | Full text (PDF) | DOI: 10.23740/TID120202

In the last decades, local food grabbed the attention of policymakers, advisors, entrepreneurs, and researchers worldwide. Food turned into an emerging topic in relation with tourism and leisure activities, due to its versatility: it offers means for local and regional development, it has potential to strengthen identity and enable the preservation of cultural heritage, traditional skills and products, it is a strong educational and knowledge transmission tool, and it is suitable for destination development. Performing a content analysis of a selected international and Romania related literature, this paper sums up the main topics and angles of research conducted globally on the complex topic of food tourism, but also points out some of the subjects addressed in the Romanian context. The aim of the study is to shed light on the foci of current research regarding food tourism and to see to which extent is the Romanian research in this field up to date. The list and the depicted topics are not necessarily exhaustive, yet they surely integrate the most relevant research themes and actual available results. As main conclusion, we can assert that the rich and manifold surveys reflect the high interest in food tourism, and that this subject is an emergent topic in the Romanian research community.

VISUAL IMAGERY AND CONSTRUCTION OF TERRITORIAL IDENTITY THROUGH ICONIC BUILDINGS. CASE STUDY: THE ROMANIAN ATHENAEUM, BUCHAREST

Florentina-Cristina MERCIU, Oana-Ramona ILOVAN, Andreea-Loreta CERCLEUX

pp. 37-67  | Full text (PDF) | DOI: 10.23740/TID120203

The built heritage, through the multiple meanings it associates (oldness, architectural, aesthetic, symbolic, authenticity), is characterized by uniqueness and irreversibility, being frequently related to the cultural and implicitly tourist image of cities. Due to the seniority of architectural heritage and the special relations established with the place and people, under the direct influence of the socio-cultural and political factors, it ensures the accumulation of symbols that codify the urban space. As a result, heritage buildings are associated with elements of territorial identity. Visual imagery is used as an argument to support the process of selecting significant buildings for local / national culture. These are promoted among the general public. Most of the time, the selection process aims at identifying representative buildings, a process that registers the influence of socio-cultural and politic factors. This article focuses on the socio-cultural evolution of the Romanian Athenaeum, a symbolic building of the Romanian culture. Based on a rich background of historical illustrations and recent observations, the authors analysed the symbols associated with the Romanian Athenaeum, in various historical periods. The authors used a sample of picture postcards with representations of the Athenaeum and interpreted the information they provided. The key results show the cultural role of the Athenaeum for the capital city, Bucharest, and its relation with the political factor, as this building was selected as the host for important political events with a deep historical charge, most often having the support of national authorities. In the course of time, the Athenaeum was represented constantly in picture postcards, as cultural building symbol and tourist attraction, due to its unique characteristics which emphasize its role as element of urban identity for Bucharest. At the same time, the interpretation of visual imagery allowed the decoding of the symbols and identification of the identity narrative and politics built around the Athenaeum, which, through the interactions generated by the socio-cultural and political plans, confer it the quality of symbolic building for the national and European culture.

USING G.I.S. PRODUCTS FOR ANALYSING THE POTENTIAL OF PRACTISING SUSTAINABLE TOURISM AND DEVELOPING ZECE HOTARE VILLAGE

Alina TODERAȘ

pp. 68-98  | Full text (PDF) | DOI: 10.23740/TID120204

Zece Hotare village (Bihor County, Romania) is part of the disadvantaged areas category, being a former mining village, due to the exploitation of bauxite and clay resources. Today, its socio-economic situation is precarious, the economic sector being poorly developed, and the population is constantly declining. At present, it is an agricultural and forestry village. One of the solutions that could lead to achieving a balance and improving the economic situation and maintaining the existing population in the village, would be to capitalize on local resources by practicing rural tourism, in particular agritourism. Although recreational tourism is sometimes practised, agritourism is currently non-existent within the area. However, by practicing agritourism, the specific values, customs and traditions would be promoted. This study aims to propose and analyse possible options for the development of rural tourism, mountain tourism, ecotourism, agritourism, and cycling tourism, as well as which activities should be undertaken to practise these forms of tourism and to attracting tourist flows towards Zece Hotare village. Some of the proposals for tourism development in Zece Hotare provided in the study are as follows: construction of boarding houses; presentations addressed to locals about what the practice of agritourism involves, in order to observe their degree of openness and availability to contribute to practicing this form of tourism as hosts; creating thematic paths for picking medicinal plants; creating a cycle tourist route that includes a tour of the hamlets in the village; building boutiques where locals can sell their products, such as honey, bakery products, woven and embroidered clothes, wooden objects, etc.; arranging places for camping, arranging places for leisure activities, and others.

ROMANIAN TERRITORIAL CLAIMS DURING WORLD WAR I UNDER THE GAZE OF THE RUSSIAN PRESS

Andrei EMILCIUC

pp. 7-26  | Full text (PDF) | DOI: 10.23740/TID220201

The article analyses the approach of the Russian press towards the Romanian territorial claims during the World War I. It is ascertained that the territorial issue was important in Romania’s attitude towards war, as the unification of historical and ethnic Romanian territories was essential for the national affirmation of Romania as a state. In this regard, the Russian press pointed towards the territories under the rule of the Austro-Hungarian Empire as a major priority for the formation of Greater Romania. The goal was to attract Romania on its side against Austro-Hungarian and German offensive on the Eastern front. We scrutinize the Russian press’s approach towards Romanian territorial claims based on three distinct periods: 1) during Romania’s neutrality; 2) during Romania’s participation in the war as Russia’s ally; 3) After the Bolshevik revolution, when Russia withdrew unilaterally from the war. The emphasis on Romania’s territorial claims is shown mostly in the first period, with one exception – the Bessarabian issue is little or not mentioned at all. Within the second period, the Russian press almost lost sight of the Romanian territorial claims. Finally, the Bolsheviks, who proclaimed self-determination as the main approach to territorial issues, were those who denied Romania any claim for “disputable territories”, just because it opposed Bolshevization. During this latter period, the Bessarabian issue becomes the spear of Russian informational attacks against Romania, following the Union of this historical Moldavian territory with the Motherland.

BORDERS AND TERRITORIAL IDENTITY IN MOLDOVAN ASSR: TRANSNISTRIA AND THE “BESSARABIAN QUESTION” BETWEEN 1918 AND 1940

Valeria CHELARU

pp. 27-40  | Full text (PDF) | DOI: 10.23740/TID220202

Bessarabia’s unification with the rest of the Romanian historical provinces in order to create the Greater Romania in 1918 opened up a dispute between the new state and Soviet Russia. The loss of its previous gubernia to the detriment of Romania, combined with a series of strategies imposed by its tremendous internal transformation, made the Soviet Union to reconsider its western borders. This article provides an overview of the formation of the Moldavan Autonomous Soviet Socialist Republic (MASSR) – the political ancestor of contemporary Dnestr Moldovan Republic or Transnistria – and then proceeds to analyse its role as propaganda and political tools inside the USSR. In such context, Transnistria will be studied as borderland of Greater Romania in order to better understand its socio-political profile in accordance with Soviet policies. The main aim of this paper is to give an objective account of the events from the historical perspective and to reassess the socio-political engineering which the MASSR underwent from its creation in 1924 up until its union with Bessarabia in 1940.

THE COSSACKS’ BORDERING PROCESS IN THE CIVIL WAR. FILMIC REPRESENTATIONS

Olga GRĂDINARU

pp. 41-63  | Full text (PDF) | DOI: 10.23740/TID220203

The Russian Revolution(s) and the Russian Civil War represent topics revisited by the recent Russian media and film-making. Mikhail Sholokhov’s novel And Quiet Flows the Don as a masterful case of fictionalisation of historical events is the basis for four subsequent film adaptations. Whereas the destiny of the Russian Cossacks is a generous theme, we would like to focus on the filmic representation of Cossacks’ bordering process in the Civil War. Two Soviet film adaptations and two post-Soviet ones present in different manners the impact of the shifting borders on people’s lives during the Russian fratricide war. Tzar’s abdication had caused confusion in the midst of the Cossack population loyal to the state father figure, while contributing afterwards to a territorial identity construction and a fight to obtain and maintain the autonomy of the Cossack region. Soviet and post-Soviet directors’ approaches of the geographical, mental and cultural borders during the Civil War in the Cossack region offer insights into the debatable loyalties and multiple sides shifting. The analysis of the four film adaptations is focused on concepts such as questioned loyalty, divisive Cossack territorial identity, nuanced and shifting identity and active/ passive territoriality. We argue that the Cossacks’ territorial identity and their bordering process is differently reflected in subsequent film adaptations of the novel.

THE ROLE OF LANDFORMS IN THE LOCATION OF ROMAN FORTIFICATIONS IN NORTHERN TRANSYLVANIA (TIHĂU-CĂȘEIU AREA) AND THE PRODUCTION OF PLACE AND REGIONAL IDENTITY

Alexandra-Maria COLCER, Ioan-Aurel IRIMUȘ

pp. 5-21  | Full text (PDF) | DOI: 10.23740/TID120211

By combining the technical and empirical research methods, this article aims at establishing the role of the landforms in the location of Roman settlements and fortifications in Northern Transylvania, Romania, focusing on the Dacia Porolissensis (province of the Roman Empire) border and how (and if) these elements are still present in the local identity. Cartographic methods helped us to achieve the technical part. We used the ArcMap 10.6 software. The result obtained through digital modelling is the morphometric identification of the territorial discontinuities. Considering the qualitative aspects, the used methods were the traditional ones: analysis, synthesis, induction, and deduction. These methods enabled us to better understand how these settlements influenced the regional identity. The results of the study are emphasizing the strategical importance of the landforms in establishing the Roman castrum, and it demonstrates how (or if) the associated settlements remained present in the locals’ mentality and influenced the regional identity.

BOOK REVIEWS


STEPING THROUGH THE TACTILE-KINAESTHETIC PERCEPTION OF ARCHITECTURAL SPACE

Percepția tactilo-chinestezică a spațiului arhitectural [The Tactile-Kinesthetic Perception of Architectural Space] / Alexandra VIȘAN

Reviewed by Paul MUTICĂ

pp. – | Full text (PDF) | DOI: 10.23740/TID120206


REVEALING THE UNTOLD SIDE OF INDUSTRIAL SOCIALISM IN ROMANIA: PRACTICES, DISCOURSES AND PERCEPTIONS

Planning Labour. Time and the Foundations of Industrial Socialism in Romania / Alina-Sandra Cucu

Reviewed by Ioana Alexandra CIUPE

pp. – | Full text (PDF) | DOI: 10.23740/TID120207


TRIANON, TRIANON! A CENTURY OF REVISIONIST POLITICAL MYTHOLOGY – A REVIEW

Trianon, Trianon! Un secol de mitologie politică revizionistă [Trianon, Trianon! A Century of Revisionist Political Mythology] / Vasile PUȘCAȘ & Ionel N. SAVA (coordinators)

Reviewed by Adrian ONOFREIU

pp. – | Full text (PDF) | DOI: 10.23740/TID220206


BESSARABIA: A CONTESTED BORDERLAND – A REVIEW

A Contested Borderland: Competing Russian and Romanian Visions of Bessarabia in the Late Nineteenth and Early Twentieth Century/ Andrei CUSCO

Reviewed by Anca DOCE

pp. – | Full text (PDF) | DOI: 10.23740/TID220207