Volume 4, number 1, Spring 2019
pp. 1-2 Full text (PDF)
pp. 3-4 Full text (PDF)
PUBLIC SPACE IN THE PERI-URBAN SETTLEMENTS OF SARAJEVO. A PROJECT FOR THE MAHALA OF ŠIROKAČA
Richard Lee PERAGINE
pp. 5-33 | Full text (PDF) | DOI: 10.23740/TID120191
This paper outlines a project for the reactivation of the peri-urban settlements, known as mahalas, which surround Sarajevo, Bosnia & Herzegovina. For historical, social and economic reasons, the growth of the mahalas has been largely informal and uncontrolled by planning regulations with the result that today they exemplify both the dysfunctions and the potentials of spontaneous and uncontrolled urban expansion. The absence of adequate urban planning, both previous to and following a period of armed conflict, together with a failed process of social reconstruction, has left the mahalas in a state of physical abandon and without a shared identity and memory of place. Lacking public infrastructure, they are cut off from the central parts of the city and from the services these provide. In terms of natural conditions, due to the steep slopes and the nature of the bedrock the area is vulnerable to landslides. A failure to address this problem has resulted in the construction of buildings in high-risk locations. This study examines a rethinking of the Širokača mahala. It identifies four strategic objectives: the reduction of landslide risk; the reconnection, both physical and psychological, with the city; the reactivation of the mahala through the provision of public spaces and services; the provision of new homes for the recollocation of the weakest elements of the population as part of the wider national programme for the recollocation of internally displaced people (IDPs). The project finds its guiding principle in a scattered approach consisting of a series of small scale interventions that together create a pathway of facilities which in turn can be reproduced at the macro-level of an urban system. Bottom-up initiatives and practices of urban resilience, latent potential of Sarajevo, are proposed in order to foster a process of physical and social reconciliation within the community.
HOW CREATIVE PROFESSIONALS RESHAPE THE HISTORIC CITY. THE PERSPECTIVE OF ARCHITECTS AS MANAGERS OF COWORKING SPACES IN VILLANOVA DISTRICT, CAGLIARI CITY
pp. 35-49 | Full text (PDF) | DOI: 10.23740/TID120192
Professionals and firms of the creative and cultural sector contribute to the creation of business incubators, fablabs and coworking spaces in the historic city, often benefiting from public support. Our paper deals with these creative spaces. It investigates the relationship that architects, as creative professionals and coworking managers, establish with the historic city, the workplace, and the planning and protection rules on buildings. In particular, starting from a research on coworking spaces in the historic District of Villanova, in Cagliari City (Sardinia, IT), this paper critically reflects on the current tools and methods used to map and manage creative spaces in the historic city, making some proposals for their improvement and enforcement in urban regeneration strategies.
PRELIMINARY ANALYSIS FOR PLACE BRANDING AND PROMOTION OF THE WESTERN REGION OF SĂLAJ COUNTY, ROMANIA
Magor KÁDÁR & István BENEDEK
pp. 50-72 | Full text (PDF) | DOI: 10.23740/TID120193
The current paper is part of a detailed case study on the methodologies and practical procedures behind the tourism promotion of the Western region of Sălaj County in Romania. The aim of the paper is to offer insights regarding the identification of possible place identity elements in order to develop a future destination branding strategy for the region, opening the door for developing tourism promotion or place branding plans. The first part of the paper gathers data from the region by fieldwork and desktop research, then summarises the most important place identity elements of the region, while the second part lists the possible forms of tourism, applicable to the region and elaborates a real data-based source paper suitable to develop a detailed tourism promotion plan based on this research.
THE NEED OF LOCAL IDENTITY IN POLITICS. THE CASE OF WOMEN MAYORS IN THE NORTH-EAST REGION OF ROMANIA
Andreea Daniela FEDOR, Corneliu IAȚU, Marinela ISTRATE
pp. 73-92 | Full text (PDF) | DOI: 10.23740/TID120194
Women’s involvement in politics is a complex and multidimensional phenomenon in Romania, following very contradictory and sinuous trends: starting from a high rate of female participation in the political life during the Communism (only as representatives, but not as decision-makers), to an abrupt drop in the 1990s, when politics was male-dominated, to, finally, a rise of female presence in this field, especially when Romania joined EU. Given these premises, the study aims to offer an overview on women’s representation in politics at local level, for the 2016 elections, and to understand if there is a connection between the local identity of a future female candidate within the community and her success during the electoral campaign; we have tried to identify the key elements, if any, for a greater presence of women in the politics and if any gender stereotypes are manifested in the studied rural communities; estimating the Romania’s probability to have, in the more or less distant future, a greater presence of women in political life, both in urban and rural areas.