6/1/2021

Volume 6, number 1, Spring 2021


Editorial board pp. 1-2 | Full text (PDF)

Contents pp. 3-4 | Full text (PDF)


RESEARCH


THE ROLE OF LANDFORMS IN THE LOCATION OF ROMAN FORTIFICATIONS IN NORTHERN TRANSYLVANIA (TIHĂU-CĂȘEIU AREA) AND THE PRODUCTION OF PLACE AND REGIONAL IDENTITY

Alexandra-Maria COLCER orcid, Ioan-Aurel IRIMUȘ

pp. 5-20  | Full text (PDF) | DOI: 10.23740/TID120211

By combining the technical and empirical research methods, this article aims at establishing the role of the landforms in the location of Roman settlements and fortifications in Northern Transylvania, Romania, focusing on the Dacia Porolissensis (province of the Roman Empire) border and how (and if) these elements are still present in the local identity. Cartographic methods helped us to achieve the technical part. We used the ArcMap 10.6 software. The result obtained through digital modelling is the morphometric identification of the territorial discontinuities. Considering the qualitative aspects, the used methods were the traditional ones: analysis, synthesis, induction, and deduction. These methods enabled us to better understand how these settlements influenced the regional identity. The results of the study are emphasizing the strategical importance of the landforms in establishing the Roman castrum, and it demonstrates how (or if) the associated settlements remained present in the locals’ mentality and influenced the regional identity.

POLITICAL BOUNDARIES AND TERRITORIAL IDENTITY IN EARLY MODERN CENTRAL EUROPE: THE WESTERN FRONTIER OF TRANSYLVANIA DURING THE SIXTEENTH CENTURY

Florin Nicolae ARDELEAN orcid

pp. 21-38 | Full text (PDF) | DOI: 10.23740/TID120212

The last decades have witnessed an increased interest in the research of territorial delimitations in late medieval and early modern Europe. A significant part of the academic debate has been focused on identifying and defining the process of transition from medieval frontiers, perceived as vague areas of contact, to modern linear borders. The aim of this article is to analyse the organisation of the western confines of the Transylvanian Principality during the decades in which this state was formed, from the Ottoman conquest of Buda (1541) until the ratification of the Speyer Peace Treaty (1571). Throughout this period, the territorial delimitation of Transylvania from the Ottoman Empire and Habsburg Hungary was an ongoing process, marked by both military confrontations and diplomatic negotiations. Through a critical reassessment of the most relevant Romanian and Hungarian literature on this complex subject and the analysis of new data from official and narrative contemporary sources, I have tried to identify which were the most important political and military events that shaped the western borderlands of Transylvania. A fundamental objective of my research is to provide an accurate definition for the western region of the Transylvanian Principality, contributing thus to the general debate on the nature of frontiers/borders in sixteenth century Europe.

 

BOOK REVIEWS


GLOBALIZATION, MARGINALIZATION AND CONFLICT. A REVIEW

Globalization, Marginalization and Conflict. Political, Economic and Social Processes/Borna FUERST-BJELIŠ & Walter LEIMGRUBER (Editors)

Reviewed by Alina BRANDAorcid

pp. – | Full text (PDF) | DOI: 10.23740/TID120216


INVENTING BERLIN. CULTURAL LANDSCAPES AND NATION-BUILDING

Inventing Berlin. Architecture, Politics and Cultural Memory in the New/Old German Capital Post-1989/ Mary DELLENBAUGH-LOSSE

Reviewed by Oana-Ramona ILOVAN

pp. – | Full text (PDF) | DOI: 10.23740/TID120217